What Is Health Information Management?

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New data is generated every time a doctor sees a patient, contributing to a rapidly growing volume of digital records that care providers collect every day. Health information management professionals are responsible for handling this vast amount of data — but what is health information management? This interdisciplinary field integrates informatics into health care to advance patient care and operations management.

Now is the time to learn more about what health information management is, how it is impacting the health care industry, and how a career path in this emerging field offers new challenges and opportunities. Students and professionals who have an interest in the relationship between information management and health care would do well to consider pursuing an online Master of Health Administration degree.

From Information Management to Health Care Information Management

Information management is the process of collecting, storing, managing, and distributing information in the most optimal ways. Often associated with business intelligence and analytics in the corporate world, the process plays a critical role in the growth and success of a company. The different types of information, which are stored in databases, are commonly a company’s most valuable assets, especially since skilled information technology (IT) analysts are managing the information and making recommendations regarding its application.

In the health care industry, technology is advancing in response to the ubiquitous shift toward electronic records, as well as the introduction of electronic record management software. Today, electronic medical records (EMRs) and electronic health records (EHRs) are added to databases every day. Paper documents such as medical charts and handwritten medical notes are increasingly digitized — sometimes using just an Apple Pencil and an iPad. This important health information must be carefully organized, secured, and analyzed by professionals in health information management.

But what is health information management, exactly? Health information management is the systematic organization of health data for doctors’ offices and medical institutions, such as hospitals and clinics. Health care databases require health IT professionals to run them, and informatics professionals to analyze the data within them. These two professionals have three key goals.

  • To enable the switch to electronic recordkeeping
  • To refine the way the data is managed
  • To produce a greater return on investment through superior information management

Health Information Management: Skills and Tools

Professionals in the field of health information management organize and analyze health care data. To accurately record, store and assess health data, those working in health information management are typically skilled in statistical analysis, database management, biomedical sciences, and a range of other technical competencies. To succeed in this field, professionals should also excel in logical thinking, communications, and organizational processes.

In clinical settings, professionals in health information management will use an electronic patient record system, which is the digital equivalent of a paper record system. Additional tools for informatics and data analysis may be used, depending on the needs of the organization. For example, cybersecurity tools are important to health information management as they provide security for patient data.

Health Information Management: Careers

Health care organizations have a growing need for qualified information managers, a trend that is creating new employment opportunities for professionals in the industry. The following are three common careers.

  • Applied informatics professional
  • Public health informatics professional
  • Chief medical information officer (CMIO), a leadership position that is also known as a chief medical informatics officer

Applied Informatics Professional

Applied informatics focuses on the practical application of the principles of general informatics in the health care industry. Professionals in this area are responsible for applying informatics procedures and the proper technology in a health care setting. They also assist fellow professionals in learning how to use new IT systems. The median salary for a health informatics specialist is around $64,000, according to May 2020 data from the compensation website PayScale.

Public Health Informatics Professional

Public health informatics, as defined by the Public Health Informatics Institute (PHII), “empowers disease interventions and prevention — leading to better health of individuals and the community in which they live.” Professionals in this area collect and analyze disease data to predict the future impact of diseases on a population. They will typically work for universities or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), rather than hospitals or doctors’ offices. PayScale provides the same salary for public health informatics specialists as health informatics specialists.

Chief Medical Information Officer

Highly skilled professionals in health information management may qualify to be the CMIO of a hospital. Candidates for this high-level position must have a strong medical background, with experience in IT and database management. The CMIO oversees operations to ensure that clinical data is stored, analyzed, and applied — chiefly to elevate standards of preventive and accountable care. The median annual salary of a CMIO increased from $315,000 in 2013 to $372,500 in 2016, according to a survey by Cejka Executive Search and the American Association for Physician Leadership.

Health Information Management: Career Outlook

Health information management is a growing field, as more health care facilities seek to hire well-informed managers who can expertly leverage information technology and manage electronic health records. Employment is projected to grow in all health care occupations, but especially in those related to information management.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) describes how “candidates with a master’s degree in health administration or a related field, as well as knowledge of health care IT systems, will likely have the best prospects.” The BLS also predicts that career opportunities for medical and health service managers, which includes those in health information management positions, will grow 18% between 2018 and 2028.

Learn More

Students and professionals can learn more about what health information management is, and how it combines health care and information technology, by pursuing a degree in the field. Applied informatics professionals, public health informatics professionals, chief medical information officers, along with other health information professionals can prepare for rewarding careers by pursuing an advanced degree.

Graduates of the Regis College online Master of Health Administration program are equipped with the skills to become successful leaders in a variety of health professions.

Find more details about courses and future career options by learning more about the Regis College online Master of Health Administration degree program.

Recommended Reading

Health Information Tech vs. Health Information Management

How to Become a Health Information Manager

How to Become a Health Informatics Specialist


Association for Intelligent Information Management, “What Is Information Management?”

Health IT, “What Is an Electronic Health Record (EHR)?”

Modern Healthcare, “CMIO Angst Is High, but So Is Job Satisfaction, Pay: Survey”

PayScale, “Average Health Informatics Specialist Salary”

PR Newswire, 2016 Physician Leadership Compensation Survey Results Released

Public Health Informatics Institute, “Defining Public Health Informatics”

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Medical and Health Services Managers