The epidemiology field is focused on surveillance and investigation of data trends in health and disease. Epidemiologists investigate the causes of disease and other public health problems to prevent them from spreading or happening again.
Employers often include: City and state government, hospitals, medical foundations, and large employers like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The BLS estimates a 5% growth from 2018 – 2028 in this industry (as fast as average).*
Median salary: $70,820.*
Nutritional epidemiologists investigate how diet affects health and disease in human populations, or the science of public health nutrition.
Chronic Disease Epidemiologist
Chronic disease epidemiologists examine the natural history of chronic health disorders to then explore options for the treatment of these disorders and diseases.
Molecular epidemiologists study molecular or genetic markers to trace the development of a disease in a population to understand transmission, as well as the population structure and evolution of bacterial pathogens.
Health policy and management involves working within the government, government agencies, and nonprofit health organizations to effect change through health care policy and how it relates to health services in the community. People in this field work on creating, changing, interpreting, or adapting health policy to make health better for the community.
Health Policy and Management Careers
Health Policy Analyst
Median wage: $62,637**
Health policy analysts work to understand how health policy will be applied and how it will affect the public. These public health professionals analyze health data to understand the short-term and long-term effects of health policies on a demographic. They then report on their findings to educate the public and policy makers.
Employers often include: Government, nonprofit organizations, community groups, and political action committees.
Occupational Health and Safety Specialist
Median wage: $70,920*
Occupational health and safety specialists analyze work environments and procedures to ensure adherence to regulations on safety, health, and the environment. They create and implement workplace processes and procedures that help protect workers from hazardous work conditions.
6% growth rate from 2018-2028 (as fast as average).*
Employers often include: Government, manufacturing companies, construction companies, management, scientific, and technical consulting services, and hospitals.
Public Health Educator
Median Salary: $54,220*
Public health educators develop and implement strategies to improve the health of individuals and communities. They collect and analyze data to understand the heath of a particular community and advocate for improved resources and policies that promote health. They educate people in their community about health services and health topics.
11% growth from 2018-2028 (much faster than average).*
Employers often include: Health care facilities, colleges and universities, federal, state, and local public health departments, nonprofit organizations, private businesses.