Nursing in the USA for Foreigners

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Foreign nurse evaluates her patient in a medical office.

America’s workforce faces an intensifying demand for nurses. A large, aging baby boomer generation, as well as a significant number of retiring nurses, contribute to the growing need for students to enter the profession. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects a need for 203,700 new registered nurses (RNs) each year until 2026. However, enrollment in nursing schools is not keeping pace with these projected needs. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), despite modest increases in nursing school enrollment, the numbers still fall far short.

As nursing organizations and policy makers strategize how to deal with the deficit of advanced practice nurses, nurses born and educated abroad who are working in the U.S. with active RN licenses stand to benefit from a job market in great need of their expertise. Furthermore, an online Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) from Regis College can expand practicing options and provide a great opportunity for nursing in the USA for foreigners.

History of Nurses from Abroad in the U.S.

The U.S. has a long history of seeking help from abroad to meet its nursing needs. In 1948 programs recruited nurses from outside the country in response to a shortage arising from significant growth in the medical sector. The recruited nurses primarily came from Europe, but that shifted in 1965 when laws favoring European immigration ended. From that point on, many nurses from Asia migrated to the U.S. These new recruits helped tackle crises like the AIDS epidemic.

By the 1980s, declining enrollment in U.S. nursing programs, along with other factors, further expanded the role of nurses from abroad in the American health care system. Filipino nurses in particular filled the needs of U.S. medical institutions, constituting 75% of the foreign nursing workforce until the mid-1980s. Their dominance began to shift, dropping to 43% by 2000, as nurses from other countries also took advantage of the opportunity to work abroad.

As nurse recruitment efforts have developed, the American Nurses Association (ANA) and other organizations in the nursing field have sought to safeguard recruited nurses’ interests as well as those of the institutions employing them. In 2008 ANA released the Voluntary Code of Ethical Conduct for the Recruitment of Foreign-Educated Nurses to the United States. By improving transparency and accountability in the recruitment process, those who drafted the code hoped to prevent unethical practices and provide peace of mind to all the stakeholders.

Today, the U.S. must confront another impending nurse shortage. The 690,000 nurses expected to depart the labor force by 2024 due to retirement and other factors coupled with ANA’s projection of 1.2 million vacancies by 2026 make that clear. Foreign nurses once again stand to potentially gain from needs in the American health care system and may benefit from learning the steps to becoming an advanced practice nurse in the U.S.

Becoming an Advanced Practice Nurse in the U.S.

After attaining an RN license and active employment in the U.S., nurses with U.S. degrees or degrees from abroad can pursue one of Regis College’s graduate online nursing programs by submitting the following:
● Graduate admission application
● Officially evaluated and translated undergraduate transcripts
● Proof of English proficiency
● Letters of recommendation
● Personal statement
● Financial support documentation
Regis College also interviews graduate applicants before offering admission into its programs.

Nurses from abroad with Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degrees from their home countries have a unique opportunity to advance their careers by earning an online DNP in the U.S. A DNP provides nurses with the distinction of possessing a terminal nursing degree. In addition, it offers practicing nurses the advantage of earning a clinical, as opposed to a research-based, degree.

Learn More

Opportunities for nursing in the USA for foreigners continue to emerge. As the U.S. confronts another shortage in its nursing workforce, foreign educated nurses with an existing RN license can fill the gaps. Explore how earning a Regis College online DNP prepares nurses from abroad to thrive in the nursing field.

Recommended Reading
Why Earn a Doctor of Nursing Practice: Potential DNP Salary and Career Outcomes
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP): Psychiatric Nursing Careers
DNP Career Paths That Involve Caring for Elderly Patients

Sources
American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Nursing Shortage
American Nurses Association, Foreign Educated Nurses
ClinicalAdvisor.com, “Why Pursue a Doctorate of Nursing Practice?”
Health Affairs, “Imported Care: Recruiting Foreign Nurses to U.S. Health Care Facilities”
Regis College, Online MSN to Doctor of Nursing Practice
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health”
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Registered Nurses
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, H-1B Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 Cap Season
U.S. News & World Report, “Immigrant Nurses: Filling the Next U.S. Shortage”
U.S. National Library of Medicine, “Immigration Policy and Internationally Educated Nurses in the United States: A Brief History”